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Australia Plants A-B-C

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Acacia baileyana 'purpurea' Cootamundra wattle: Purplish foliage on feathery plant tips.  A small tree to 18' (6m)  - feathery silver grey foliage with purple new growth - yellow panicle flowers.  Frost resistant. Avoid phosphorus fertilizers.  Zone 8.
Acacia boormanii - Snowy River Wattle: Upright shrub to 12' (4m) - golden flowers in Winter to Spring - dense narrow foliage - tolerates wet sites, frost and snow.  Zone 8. 
  Acacia covenyi - Shrub or small tree to 18' with silvery/blue foliage and attractive yellow flowers.  Fast growing, drought and frost tolerant.  Rare in it's native habitat of New South Wales but is finding its' way into commercial production.  Zone 8.
  Acacia cultriformis - Knife-leaf Acacia: Shrub to about 8' high x 6' wide with gray phyllodes (like leaves) with serrated edges.  Excellent drought tolerant plant bearing attractive clusters of golden ball-shaped flowers in spring.  It prefers a sunny position in well drained soils.  Excellent gray-foliage type plant.  Native New South Wales, Queensland.  Hardy to about +25 degrees F.  Zone 8.
  Acacia decurrens - Early Black Wattle: Fast growing tree/shrub 15-45' - dense crown of dark green feathery leaves - profuse golden yellow blossom during mid - Winter - frost resistant.  Zone 8.
 

Acacia falciformis - Hickory Wattle, Broad leaved hickory: Straight tree to 32', handsome blue-green foliage. Cream colored ball type flowers in spring.  Native to the Blue Mountains area.  Zone 8.

  Acacia frigescens - Montane, Forest or Frosted wattle: Found growing in the sub-alpine regions NE of Melbourne to Mount Coopracambra in Victoria.  Generally grows as an understory in tall Eucalypt forest of Eucalyptus regnans.
  Acacia iteaphylla - Willow wattle: A yellow blooming variety reaching about 10' tall and 15' wide.  Reported as drought tolerant and cold hardy to about 20 degrees F. 
  Acacia linifolia - Flax leaved Wattle: This species blooms in summer and is native in the Blue Mountains area. Pale cream flower balls at the end of stems. Hardy to +20 F. Grows 6-10'.  Zone 8.
Acacia longifolia - Sydney Golden Wattle: Blue Mountains area of Sydney, strong show of bright yellow flowers in early spring. +20 F. Mature shrub to 16', prefers well drained soil.  Zone 8.
  Acacia mearnsii - Black Wattle: A popular species for Sugar Gliders. Tree to 30' with cream, ball-shaped flowers in spring.  Zone 8.
  Acacia melanoxlyon - Blackwood: long lived tree reaching 60' (20 m) long olive green leaves - pale yellow flowers, frost resistant. Found in the higher, cooler altitudes of the Blue Mountains.  Zone 8.
Acacia oxycedrus - Spike Wattle: Native in the Blue Mountains area and generally found in the low, open forest. This species is one of the more showiest of wattles. Bright creamy white to yellow rod-like flowers, prickly foliage. +20 F. 
  Acacia parramatensis - Sydney Green Wattle: Native in the Blue Mountains area at lower elevations. Young foliage is pale yellow changing to bright dark green. Pale colored ball flowers in summer.   Zone 8.
  Acacia pendula - Weeping myall:  An erect tree to 30' with weeping branches and narrow gray phyllodes (like leaves.) Yellow, ball-shaped flowers appear in spring.  Excellent foliage plant that prefers full sun.  Zone 8.
  Acacia podalyriifolia Queensland silver wattle: A tall shrub or small tree, 24' x 15'.  Soft, felt-like silver phyllodes.  Golden ball-shaped flowers appear in late winter.  Queensland, NSW.  Hardy plant in most well drained areas.  Zone 8.
  Acacia rubida - Red-stemmed Wattle: Large, erect shrub to 16' with yellow flowers in spring, reported to be very hardy, red ferny juvenile foliage changing to long grey-green phyllodes,  frost hardy.  Zone 8.
Acacia suaveolens - Sweet Scented Wattle: blue-gray phyllodes (a type of leaf), cream, ball-shaped flowers that are heavy scented. It is found native in a large area of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.  It prefers well-drained soil and is reported resistant to salt spray. Avoid phosphorus fertilizers.    Zone 8.
  Acacia terminalis - Sunshine Wattle: Small, dense shrub to about 9' x 6'.  It bears cream to deep yellow, ball flowers in late summerThe foliage is a dark green, new foliage may have a bronze tinge when young.  It is found native in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, perhaps this one will bring some "sunshine" into your life!   Zone 8.
Acacia vestita - Hairy Wattle - Attractive weeping shrub to 16' - truncated furry grey leaves - bright yellow ball flowers in Spring - suited to exposed and rocky sites - frost resistant. Zone 8.
  Adansonia gregorii - Boab, Baobab:  Tree to about 30' with a unique, swollen bottle-like trunk.  This deciduous tree bears large white flowers and ball-like fruits to 10 cm diameter.  Growth starts off quickly, then slows down.  Native in Australia in the NT and WA.  It prefers a loamy soil and has a smooth, brown to yellowish-green bark.  The swollen trunk can grow to 9' in diameter.  Tropical - but reported to make an nice indoor plant while young. Zone 9.
  Allocasuarina littoralis - Black She Oak: Found native on dry ridges and hillsides of the Blue Mountains area, +25 degrees.  Zone 8.
  Allocasuarina verticillata - Drooping She Oak: A small tree with dense crown and weeping branches.  Tolerates extreme conditions.  5-9 x 4-6 m, weeping, open habit, full sun to part shade, salt tolerant, lime, drought, moderate frost, wind, salt spray, sand, loam, clay, wd, dry, Acid Neutral Alkaline soils, windbreak, quick growth, SA, Vic, NSW, Tas.  Zone 8.
  Alyogine huegelii : (Hibiscus huegelii) A member of the Malvaceae family, this plant has lilac hibiscus-like flowers and variable lobed leaves.  It forms a rounded shrub to 6' high x 5' wide with flowering in spring and summer.  A very hardy plant which has moderate frost tolerance noted.  Most any soils except constantly wet.  SA, WA.
  Anigozanthos flavidus: Tall Kangaroo Paw: The easiest to grow of all Kangaroo Paws. Deep green sword shaped (iris like) leaves to 3' with spikes of yellow-green or pink-red flowers. Mature height around 6'. Hardy to +20 degrees F with protection.  Zone 9.
  Anigozanthos humilis: Cat's Paw.  The flower spikes are 10-30 cm long (4-12").  Flower color range from orange, orange-red to brown.  Prefers full sun, well drained sandy soil with additional lime added.  Do not water during the dormant period and slowly increase watering when buds appear in spring.  West Australia.  Zone 9.
  Anigozanthos manglesii - Red and Green Kangaroo Paw: The state emblem of Western Australia.  An attractive plant with deep green flowers contrasting with a red base and stem.  The flowers are on stems 18-36" tall on a clumping plant to about 18".  Best used as an infrequently watered pot plant in a well drained media.   The flowers are quite attractive and long lasting - blooms can last for several months.  Zone 9.
  Index B
  Backhousia citriodora Lemon ironwood, lemon myrtle.  A member of the Myrtaceae family, most importantly noted for the strongly lemon-scented leaves.  It is a medium sized tree to 45' with foliage dense to the ground.  The flowers are white and profuse.  Excellent for growing for the foliage perfume and making a nice specimen or street tree where hardy.  It is grown commercially for extraction of the lemon flavoring.  The native habitat is Queensland Australia, so I expect only a tropical environment for full growth.  (May make a nice potted plant and testing is still under way).  A frequently requested item here in the USA but rarely if ever offered due to difficulty in germinating the seed.  At this time, we only have seed available.
  Index Banksia  About growing Banksia species:  They require ideal conditions, attention to drainage and details for optimum growth.  The Eastern Australia species tend to be more tolerant of humidity than the Western Australia species.  All require sun, sharp drainage and low to no phosphorous fertilizers.  Root rot can occur if drainage is not right and quickly kill a plant.  They are not an easy species to grow, although, given proper attention to details and environment, can produce some outstanding flowers.  Some of the dried Banksia flower pods can weigh up to 5 pounds.  Even for us, growing Banksia at our nursery is quite a challenge and we rarely only have a few plants on hand at any given time.  Click here for a separate page on Banksia species.
  Boronia denticulata - Shrub to 3' - fine light green aromatic foliage - prolific waxy pink star flowers in Spring - easy to grow - frost resistant.
  Boronia megastigma - Small shrub to about 4' with fragrant brown/yellow flowers.  WA Zone 9.
  Brachychiton acerifolius - Illwarra Flame Tree: Deciduous with large lobed, pale green leaves. Can be covered with bright red bell shaped flowers in summer. About 30' high, hardy to +20 F.  Qld. NSW,  Zone 9
Brachychiton bidwillii - Little Kurrajong: To about 9', rose colored bell flowers. Qld, NSW.  Zone 9.
  Brachychiton gregori - Desert Kurrajong: A deciduous tree with erect trunk and pale lobed leaves. Bell shaped pale pink or white flowers in summer. 12-24' tall, 6-12' wide.
  Brachychiton populneus - Kurrajong:  A large tree to about 60' with a dense, rounded crown.  The flowers are bell-shaped, a cream color with a reddish-brown inside and appear in summer.  Not fussy about soil types, frost tolerant and drought tolerant as well.  An excellent street or landscape tree.  The trunk when young is shaped like a bottle, but loses this wide base as it ages.  Can also be used for fodder. Reported as hardy to about 20 degrees F. Well worth trying for something different in the landscape. Native: Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria.  Zone 8.
  Brachychiton rupestris - Narrow Leaf Bottle Tree - adaptable tree growing to 20m - swollen bottle like trunk - insignificant flowers followed by small interesting boat like pods - useful indoor plant- frost resistant.
  Brachycome iberidifolia: Swan River daisy, generally treated as an annual plant growing to about 10 inches tall, blue flowers.
  Index C
  Calandrina polyandra - Parakeelya, Munyeroo: An herb with thick, succulent leaves with purplish/mauve flowers. Good rockery plant, acts like a reseeding annual in cold areas.
  Callistemon (Common name Bottlebrush)  Most tend to be shrub-like, a few can grow into trees in the proper climate.  They all generally have 2 bloom seasons in a years time and bloom on new growth.  It is recommended to prune them back some after the first bloom and new growth will emerge and generally give a second bloom in the same year.  Most prefer full sun and can tolerate some moisture.  Excess fertilization leads to soft foliage growth and few flowers produced.  Quite attractive when in bloom, a few are reported to be somewhat cold tolerant in Zone 7, but most do better in Zone 8 or warmer.
  Callistemon brachyandrus - 6-9' x 3-6', other reports as a 16' rounded shrub with weeping, red brushes 4 x 2 cm. Full to part sun, mod frost, loam, clay, damp, well drained, dry, Acid Neutral Alkaline soils. Hedge, screen, prickly foliage, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria.  Zone 8.
Callistemon citrinus - Crimson Bottlebrush: 8' tall and wide, blooms in spring and fall with bright red brushes 12 x 6 cm. The foliage has a citrus scent when rubbed and new growth is silvery pink. Keep away from drains. NSW, Qld, Vic.  Zone 8
Callistemon comboynensis - Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne bottlebrush: A small spreading shrub to 4' with copper colored new growth, red flowers 15 x 5 cm, full sun, sand, loam, clay, damp, well drained, acid, neutral, alkaline, prune after flowering, moderately frost tolerant.  NSW, Qld.  Zone 8.
  Callistemon glaucous: (Callistemon speciosus) Albany Bottlebrush. Erect shrub to 6' with very dark red brushes 15 cm long x 7 cm diameter.  The leaves are narrow-oblong to 12 cm.  This species is generally found in swamps of southwest Australia.  Zone 8.
  Callistemon Happy Valley - A species from Stansthorpe Queensland, this shrub grows to about 16' tall.  The flower spikes have pink anthers and red stamens.  Some frost tolerance noted.
  Callistemon lineariifolius - 6-12' x 6-15', open shrub, red brushes 6-12 x 5-6 cm, full to part sun, drought resistant, moderate frost tolerant, sand, loam, clay, bog, well drained, dry, Acid, neutral, alkaline soils, prune.  Suitable for damp areas.  NSW. Zone 8.
  Callistemon pallidus - red blooming variety. The red flower spikes are produced in summer on a shrub 9' x 6'. A tough, frost tolerant species that grows well in most soil conditions.  Plants grow and flower best in full sun.  Plants bloom on new growth each year. Vic, Tas.  Zone 8.
  Callistemon pallidus - Yellow/green blooming variety. New addition 2006  The yellow/green flower spikes are produced in summer on a shrub 9' x 6'. A tough, frost tolerant species that grows well in most soil conditions.  Plants grow and flower best in full sun.  Plants bloom on new growth each year. Vic, Tas.  Zone 8
  Callistemon palludosus - River Bottlebrush.  New addition 2006.  A medium hardy shrub with creamy yellow flowers.  This shrub tolerates most conditions and good for roadside plantings.  A colonizing species from Tasmania.  Zone 8.
Callistemon phoeniceus - Lesser bottlebrush: 6-12' x 9-15' shrub, red brushes 12 x 6 cm, sun, moderate  frost, drought tolerant, sand, loam, clay, damp, well-drained, acid, neutral, alkaline, pot, hedge, windbreak, foliage grayish, quick growth, prune, prickly foliage, WA.  Zone 9.
Callistemon pinifolius - hardy open shrub to 9' - dark green pine needle like leaves - green brushes in Spring - frost tolerant - cool districts only.  NSW.  Zone 8.
  Callistemon pityoides (formerly C. paludosus, C. sieberi) - Alpine Bottlebrush - compact shrub to 1m - small pointed leaves - small dense pale yellow brushes 2-15 x 2-3 cm in Spring and Summer - tolerates frost and snow. Full to part sun, mod frost, sand, loam, bog, damp, acid, neutral, windbreak, screen. Vic, NSW, Qld, Tas. Good for swampy areas, grows naturally in bogs and high mountain areas.  Zone 8, we still need to test for cold hardiness for Zone 7.
  Callistemon polandii - Gold-tipped Bottlebrush: 6-15' x 3-9' dense shrub, dark red with gold tipped anthers 6-10 x 4-5 cm, full to part sun, moderate frost.  Loam, boggy, damp, well drained, acid, neutral soils.  Useful as hedge, windbreak or screening.  Qld.  Zone 9.
  Callistemon rigidus: About a 10' tall shrub with red bottle brush flowers, drought and frost tolerant and can withstand imperfect drainage.
  Callistemon rugulosus (C. macropunctatus) Scarlet Bottlebrush: 6-12' x 6-12', 10 x 5 cm red with gold anthers, full to part sun, moderate frost, drought, sand, loam, clay, bog, damp, well-drained, dry, hedge, windbreak, S.A, Vic.   Zone 9.
  Callistemon salignus - This small tree has attractive narrow foliage and white papery bark.  It grows from 18 to 40 feet tall and has white flowers.
  Callistemon subulatus - Bottlebrush Bush: Small shrub 3-9' x 3-9', early bloomer with crimson brushes 8 x 5 cm & long narrow leaves. Small dark red brushes among needle-like foliage. +23 degrees F.  Full to part sun, dappled shade, mod frost, sand, loam, clay, bog, well drained with adequate summer watering, Acid, neutral, hedge, screen, pot, mod growth, prune, Vic, NSW.
  Callistemon viminalis 'Captain Cook' - About 6' high, + 23 degrees F. Long, narrow leaves and bright masses of 10 x 3 cm red brushes in the spring. A very popular cultivar. Full to part sun, full shade, mod frost, sand, loam, clay, bog, damp, well-drained, Acid neutral alkaline soils.
Callistemon violaceus - Growing 3-9' with violet/purple blooms makes this one special. Seems to be fairly cold hardy. Frost resistant and hardy to +23 degrees F. A dense shrub, flowers are 12 x 7 cm reddish purple with gold tips, full to part sun, mod frost, sand, loam, clay, dry, well drained, neutral, alkaline, screen, windbreak, slow growth.
  Callistemon viridiflorus A hardy grower with greenish/yellow flower spikes in summer.  Mature height is about 9' tall - a colonizing species from Tasmania.
  Callitris glaucophylla: White Cypress Pine.  An essential oil is distilled from this species using the leaves and twigs.  A non-flowering tree to 60'  with needles that look more like scales.  Does best with low nutrient, sandy, well-drained soils.  The wood has been used for tools and flooring and the resin as a cement.  Drought resistant.
  Callitris intratropica - A slow growing tropical cypress tree found native in Queensland, Northern Territory and West Australia.  Most commonly noted for production of Blue Cypress oil used in the perfume industry.
  Calothamnus quadrifidus: Common net bush: 6'x6' with pine-like needles to 3 cm, red/yellow flower spikes to 10 cm. WA, best of the genus. Suitable for coppice work.  Flowers are showy for a long period of time.
  Calothamnus rupestris - Cliff Net Bush, Mouse Ears.  A spreading shrub or small tree to 16' found native in the area of Perth West Australia, growing in gravely soils, attractive red flowers resembling 'mouse ears.'
Carpobrotus glaucescens - Pigface: creeping plant with succulent leaves, large purple flowers with white center. Good groundcover for sandy soils. Not frost hardy - try hanging basket.  A pretty neat succulent plant fairly easy to grow.
Ceratopetalum gummiferum - New South Wales Christmas Bush: to about 18' with bronze new growth. Small, star like flowers in spring, the remaining calyx turns red and gets larger, giving you the impression the plant has red flowers in summer. Sprinkle iron sulfate around the plant. KEEP MEDIA MOIST.    
Chamelaucium uncinatum - Wax flower, Geralton Wax flower.  Small shrub to about 6' x 6' makes an excellent cut flower with foliage.  Low moisture requirement.  WA.  Zone 9.
  Chamescilla corymbosa - Blue Stars, Blue Squill: A member of the lily family, this tuberous plant has blue, star-like flowers on branching stalks. Sun to part shade, moist, but well drained does best.
  Cheiranthera filifolia - Blue Beauty.  A 5-petaled deep blue flower with yellow anthers.  Quite attractive.
  Cissus antartica - Kangaroo Vine, Kangaroo Ivy:  Excellent as an interior house plant for low light levels of 50-150 foot candles. Easy to grow with low maintenance. Optimum temperature range 68-82 F. Fertilize sparingly with acid type. 
Clianthus formosus - Sturt's Desert Pea: The state floral emblem of South Australia.  This beautiful flowering groundcover is excellent for dry climate areas and fails in rainy or humid conditions.  Attractive serrated foliage with bright red flowers.  Additional watering is generally not needed once the plant is established.  A great plant if you have the right climate!
Clitoria ternata - Butterfly Pea: From tropical Asia.  It gets it's name from the resemblance to intimate parts of the female human anatomy.  The flowers are presented upside down - the "keel" petal appears on the top rather than the underside. 
  Crowea angustifolia - An attractive small shrub from Australia, related to the Boronia.  Compact evergreen with narrow, mid-green leaves and masses of small, 5 pedaled pink flowers.
  Cyathodes parvifolia - New 2006 Mountain Berry.  A small rounded shrub to about 3 feet tall and wide with small white flowers - followed by spectacular red-pink fruits in Autumn.  Native to Tasmania in the colder regions.  The seed is slow to germinate.
 
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